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Covid vaccine: what are the possible risks

According to healthcare professionals and Medical Specialist in Lahore, the possible benefits of the covid-19 vaccine outweigh any risks. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has said conclusively that the covid-19 vaccine can help decrease the rate of hospitalizations and coronavirus-related deaths. 

What are the benefits of COVID-19 vaccine?

The vaccine can prevent one from getting seriously ill due to the virus. The vaccine can possibly prevent the transmission of COVID-19 to others, making it harder for the virus to spread. The ultimate goal of vaccination is to achieve herd immunity and averting the mutation of the virus that results from multiple replications. In future, the multiple replications and mutations can make the virus resistant to the vaccine. 

What are the possible side effects of COVID-19 vaccine?

For most vaccines, there are two doses. There can be mild side effects either after the first or the second dose of the vaccine. Some of these side effects are related to the site of vaccination, while others are systemic. 

At the site of injection, there may be mild pain, swelling or redness. Within the first three days after the vaccine, it is common to deal with fatigue, fever or headache. These reactions are normal as the body’s immune system reacts to the attenuated virus, and antibodies are formed. This shows that the vaccine is working. In most cases, they last for only one to two days.

Some other side effects include: muscle pains, joint pains and chills. Additionally, nausea and vomiting after the dose is not uncommon along with swollen lymph nodes and a general feeling of unwell. 

For an immediate reaction, you will be monitored for about fifteen minutes after the shot is given. 

What are the signs of allergic reaction to COVID-19 vaccine? 

Within minutes to hours, there can be an allergic reaction to the vaccine, characterized by: continuous shortness of breath with wheezing. This occurs as the wind pipe swells due to inflammation. There can also be swelling of the tongue, lips and eyes. This may result in difficulty speaking and swallowing. Some other signs include intense itching and redness on the body with or without wheals. 

If any of these reactions occur, immediate help should be sought. Emergency care may be needed to mitigate the effects of the vaccine and aid in breathing. In case a reaction like this occurs, second dose of the same vaccine should not be taken. Instead, another vaccine can be used for the second dose. 

What are the long-term side effects of the vaccine?

The clinical trials of COVID-19 vaccine started in the summer of 2020, and therefore, not much time has passed to determine the long-term side effects of the vaccine. However, all the people who are being vaccinated are being monitored for the possible long-term side effects. 

Governments around the world are creating a public directory of all the side effects so people can remain well-informed. In the United States, safety data related to the vaccine is reported to Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System, while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has created a smart-phone based tool allowing the public and the users to report the side effects. 

For any side effects, it is recommended that you reach out to your healthcare provider or Medical Specialist in Islamabad


Emma Murray

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