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The importance of inclusive education for children with disabilities

Education is one of the tools that most influences the advancement of different societies , which provide their citizens with the knowledge and values ​​necessary so that we can achieve better levels of well-being and economic and personal growth, thus managing to decrease economic and social inequalities and expanding employment opportunities for young people.

Therefore, if education and training are important for anyone, imagine how important it is to adequately train children and young people who have a disability , whatever the degree, with all the difficulties that they have to overcome in their day to day.

Fortunately, in our country, children with disabilities are assured of training, although there is still a long way to go in the field of training to integrate these people into the workplace despite the efforts made by associations and companies such as Diversis. On the other hand , in other less fortunate countries where access is difficult for broad social strata, children with disabilities still have more difficult access to education , and therefore, to social and labor integration when stop being children and become adults.

In fact, in many African countries, having a disability can reduce a boy’s or girl’s chances of going to school between two and three times , compared to the rest of the children who do not have it. In countries like Nepal the figures are tragic, since 85% of out-of-school children have some kind of disability. And even so, for many disabled children in these countries who do manage to enter the educational system, the quality and type of training received are not adequate, since in many of these schools, segregated in many cases, education is encouraged. taboos, roles and fears that exist in these societies about disability.

Therefore, solving this serious discrimination suffered by hundreds of thousands of children around the world is essential, since by denying them access to the educational system, you are also depriving them of the long-awaited equality in order to be an active part of society instead of condemning them to poverty or marginalization.

Fortunately, in our country, things are very different. Despite the difficulties, and despite how much progress still has to be made in the field of social and labor integration, in Spain the education of children with disabilities is guaranteed by law . A right that is guaranteed today, but that was the first great battle that Spanish families who had a child with a disability had to present in the middle of the 20th century, with the opening of the first special education centers in the 1960s. and 70, providing a solution to the problematic situation of many of those families. In 2006, with the approval at the United Nations of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, a giant step was taken since it allowed incorporating these measures into the Spanish legal system.

Some measures that, although on paper, are very beautiful, and although they are included in the latest education law approved by the Spanish government, they have not yet resolved many of the challenges that the educational system of our country has to face in order to ensure a correct inclusive education that responds to the needs of all students in the face of discriminatory approaches, in order to fight stigmatization and discrimination, thus achieving a complete social and labor integration of young people with disabilities.

In this way, by educating children in an egalitarian environment in which diversity is considered as an opportunity to learn, it will be possible to reinforce the ability of these children to overcome barriers, achieve objectives and above all, to respect each other themselves within a path that should lead them to maximize their educational, work and social development.

Emma Murray

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